Easy Freshwater Aquarium Care

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Adding too many fish to an aquarium at once can destabilized the water chemistry and can cause the nitrogen cycle to stall. Beginners tend to go one of two ways: they either completely ignore it or stress too much over it. All you need to know here is that failing to encourage and perpetuate the nitrogen cycle will result in your fish dying. If you ask an aquarist what is their single most important character trait, they will unanimously agree:.

Whether it is waiting to add fish to your tank, waiting for the nitrogen cycle to complete, or waiting for the growth of beneficial bacteria, chances are you will be waiting! It can cause problems with your filtration system and as a result can make maintaining your water parameters near impossible. This is wrong. Let me show you how this works with a 30 gallon aquarium. This figure is the total length of mature fish you can keep. So in a 30 gallon tank you can keep up to Without a doubt this is the biggest beginner mistake.

If you keep feeding your fish they will generally keep eating. This is precisely the trap beginners fall into. They keep feeding their fish because their fish keep eating. This produces a lot of waste and can mess up the nitrogen cycle. When you start, you should feed your fish once day; this will prevent over feeding.

What Are the Easiest Freshwater Fish to Care For?

Whatever you give them they should be able to eat within five minutes. Beginners often neglect this and think they can get away with less frequent larger water changes. Weekly water changes are crucial to keep an aquarium healthy. Poor water conditions will cause your fish stress and this increases their susceptibility to disease. Let me preface this by saying there are some amazing fish stores out there.

However some larger more general pet stores have been known to provide erroneous advice. Before you visit the store you should do at least some online research so you can establish if they know their stuff or not. Make sure to double check the information they tell you, either here or in a book.

Caring for a Freshwater Tropical Aquarium

A second opinion never hurt anyone. Regardless of the size of the aquarium you should always have a biological filter. Small aquariums can get away with the cheaper hang-off-back style.

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You need a filter to ensure the growth of beneficial bacteria. Also as a tip, remember when cleaning the biological medium, use aquarium water and not contaminated tap water. The chlorine in tap water will destroy your live bacteria- not ideal. Many beginner fish keepers think that all fish get along and you can keep any species you want together.

To start with many fish need different conditions to live in. At a basic level this is freshwater vs saltwater , but also differing water parameters. This can really upset your fish. To many non-aquarists, fish tanks are all the same. A common mistake is not understanding the difference between a freshwater and saltwater aquarium.


Make sure you understand the differences and their implications before you decide which route to take. As a beginner you often fall into the trap of thinking there is a single right way to do things. As a result you end up spending a lot of your time searching for the one right way to do something. You should watch, read and listen to advice and then go about finding the best way to do it for you and your aquarium. Whatever the cause, you should remove the algae immediately. To prevent it occurring in the future you could look to add live plants in your tank.

The two most common reasons I hear for excessive chemicals are: to prevent illness, and to stop algae growing. For instance with algae, people tend to put lots of Algaecides in their tank; often this is unnecessary. Secondly, you can control algae outbreaks naturally through water changes, reducing feed and darkening the tank. This is generally also much healthier for the fish.

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  • Many people have learnt this lesson the hard way. When was the last time you cleaned the tank and tested the water?

    Keeping a Saltwater Aquarium is EASY!

    You should plan to spend hours each week on maintenance. The exact figure will mainly depend on the size of your aquarium.

    Algone Creates Beautiful & Healthy Aquariums

    The bigger the tank, the more time is needed. I hope by reading through these beginner aquarium mistakes , you can avoid making them yourself. Let us know in the comments section below what you think the biggest beginner mistake is…. Renowned for its hunting ability and large size, this fish is one of the most iconic around and will be the prized possession of any hobby aquarist. Whilst not generally [Continue reading …]. All living things reproduce; this is an essential part of survival for each species to ensure they do not become extinct.

    Freshwater and saltwater fish are no exception. Much like many other animals, most fish require both a male and a female to create new life; however some fish are [Continue reading …]. Heating is a necessity for many species of aquarium fish, both in saltwater and freshwater tanks. Unlike humans, fish cannot regulate their own body temperatures and so this is where the heater comes in. Hi John, The most important thing I can recommend is to make sure your tank is cycled properly. I used to have fresh water for many many years. Stopped for a about 4 years and now started salt water tank.

    I am taking it slow and all is good so far. But read before doing and you will be fine. I have just started a 57 ltr fish tank and planted fresh plants.

    see Happy with setup. I was told to be patient and leave it for around a month before adding around 10 neons. Yes you should be doing water changes during the cycling process. You filter will most likely have come with a measurement on filter flow how many litres per hour. To work out how many times the tank water passes through your filter in an hour, divide the volume of your tank in litres by the flow rate in litres per hour. My plan was if it lives and he takes responsibility for a month, we will upgrade.

    There is a LOT more to it than that. When looking for beginner freshwater fish, you need a species that will tick a few boxes;. While this is by no means an exhaustive list of the best freshwater fish for beginners, it is a great place to start. Although small in size, these beautifully colored, cool freshwater fish will surely take advantage of every bit of space in your tank and are one of the easiest fish to care for.

    Their diet is simple, and they can be fed basic fish flakes, although they do enjoy the odd blood worm or brine shrimp every now and then. One of the more hardy freshwater aquarium fish available for beginners are Danios.